actueel programma-overzicht


uitzending 8, 15 en 22 september 2002/22-1 uur


Upstream, de Supplement-vaart naar de VOC
The Wind of Trade
Otto Sidharta

The Wind of Trade started by trading activity. VOC has carved a very deep trace not only on the Indonesian history but deeply on the Indonesian culture.
There are so many Dutch words that are being used in the everyday activity, there are so many buildings related or build by the VOC spread all over the country. The main track road and the main railroad connecting the cities also were build by the VOC.
But there are a lot of things of which it is not really obvious and clear if it is influenced by the VOC, being colonized for 250 years by the VOC, the influence in every aspect is completely blend with local culture as well as with other influence from neighbouring countries. Some of the law, the governmental system, the education system, the way of thinking and behavior in some groups of people is somehow strongly influenced by their close relationship with the VOC and then followed by a younger generation and become something completely different.
So, it is easy but it is also not easy to indicate clearly the trace of the VOC in Indonesia, therefore in my opinion one piece of work is not enough to express my impression on the VOC trace in Indonesia. This piece is only kind of introduction of my next upcoming work about the VOC theme.
Otto Sidharta

Thanks to Arno Peeters for his recordings (a.o.) of the Albert Cuypmarket.

Biography Otto Sidharta

Otto Sidharta
Bandung, Indonesia, 1955
Lives and works in Jakarta, Indonesia

Otto Sidharta finished his post-graduate study in composition and electronic music composition at Sweelinck Conservatorium (Amsterdam, the Netherlands) under the guidance of Professor Ton de Leeuw (1926-1996).
Sidharta's interest in using environmental sounds to express his musical ideas developed when he was a student at the Jakarta Institute of Arts (Institut Kesenian Jakarta). He performed his first electronic music piece, Kemelut, based on water sounds in the First Indonesian Young Composer Festival (Pekan Komponis Indonesia) in 1979. In 1982 he collected some nature and animal sounds on Nias Island, in the Borneo (Kalimantan) jungle, and other remote places in Indonesia. These sounds were used as material for some of his works such as Ngendau, Hutan Plastik and East wind.
Besides being a composer, Sidharta is Chairman of both the Music Committee of Jakarta Art Council (Komite Musik Dewan Kesenian Jakarta) and Indonesian Composer's Association (Asosiati Komponis Indonesia). He teaches at Jakarta Institute of Arts (Institut Kesenian Jakarta) and in Cantus (Music Education and Information Center, Jakarta). Furthermore, he is the Music Director for the National Symphony Orchestra (Orkes Symphony Nasional).
For Supplement/Upstream, Sidharta had created Wind of trade, a soundscape based on the sounds and voices associated with Dutch and Indonesian culture, such as sounds from nature, markets, street vendors, trains, ships and children playing.

Otto Sidharta studeerde compositie en elektronische muziek compositie aan het Sweelinck Conservatorium in Amsterdam, onder leiding van Professor Ton de Leeuw (1926 - 1996).
Sidharta is geïnteresseerd in omgevingsgeluiden als expressiemiddel voor zijn muzikale ideeën. Deze interesse ontwikkelde zich tijdens zijn studie aan de Jakarta Institute of Arts (Institut Kesenian Jakarta). Kemelut , zijn eerste elektronische muziekstuk gebaseerde op watergeluiden, voerde hij uit tijdens de eerste aflevering van Indonesian Young Composer Festival (Pekan Komponis Indonesia) in 1979. In 1982 verzamelde Sidharta natuur- en dierengeluiden op Nias, in de jungle van Borneo (Kalimantan) en andere afgelegen plekken in Indonesië. Deze geluiden vormden de basis voor werken als Ngendau, Hutan Plastik en East Wind.
Naast componist is Sidharta tevens voorzitter van de Music Committee van Jakarta Art Council (Komite Musik Dewan Kesenian Jakarta) en voorzitter van de Indonesian Composer's Association (Asosiati Komponis Indonesia). Hij geeft les aan de Jakarta Institute of Arts (Institut Kesenian Jakarta) en aan Cantus (Music Education and Information Center, Jakarta). Hij is de artistiek directeur van het Nationale Symfonie Orkest (Orkes Symphony Nasional).
Voor Supplement/Upstream componeert Sidharta Wind of trade, een soundscape met geluiden en stemmen die geassocieerd worden met de Nederlandse en Indonesische cultuur, zoals onder andere natuurgeluiden, het lawaai van markten, straatverkopers, treinen, schepen en spelende kinderen.


Kemelut - live electronic music (1979)
Meta Ekologi - mix live and pre recorded electronic music (1980)
Ngendau - soundscape (1982)
Hutan Plastik - soundscape (1982)
East Wind - mix soundscape & live performer (1983)
Untitled - a piece for clarinet, cello, percussion and tape (1985)
Gong - electronic music (1985)
Gaung - electronic music (1986)
Stringquartet - String quartet (1986)
Saluang - electronic music (1986)
Quintet for Oboe, clarinet, violin, viola and cello (1986)
Trio for clarinet, cello and piano (1987)
Waves - computer controlled electronic music (1988)
Marimba - for marimba solo (1988)
Pulses - computer music (1988)1
Technophobia - live computer music with voice and dance (1990)
3 in 1 - music for percussion, clarinet and computer (1991)
Rim's - computer music (1991)
RamayanaKu - for voice and computer (1992)
Matra - for percusion and computer (1992)
Topeng Monyet - computer music (1993)
Mitsuno Hibiki - for violin and computer (1993)
Goro-goro - for 8 percussion player (1994)
Soundscape I - soundscape (1995)
Music for Clarinet and Computer (1995)
Music for Flute and Computer (1996)
Music for Biwa and Computer (1996)
Music for Piano and Computer (1997)
and a few untitled short works for non musical instruments and computer,
gamelan instruments and computer (1998 - 2001).